At a Glance

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttarakhand on South-East and China on the East.

       Latitude: 30o 22’ 40" N to 33o 12’ 40" N
       Longitude: 75o 45’ 55" E to 79o 04’ 20" E
       Height (From mean sea Level): 350 meter to 6975 meter
       Population [2011-Census]: 68,64,602 persons
             Males: 34,81,873
             Females: 33,82,729
       Geographical Area [2011]: 55,673 sq. km
       Density (per Sq. Km.) [2011]: 123
       Females per 1000 Males [2011]: 974
       Birth Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]: 22.1
       Death Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]: 7.2

More Information of Census for Himachal Pradesh

  State Capital: Shimla
  No. of Districts: 12
  No. of Tehsils: 158
  No of Divisions: 3
  No. of Sub Divisions: 69
  No. of Police Stations: 125
  No. of Blocks : 78
  No. of Urban Local Bodies: 54
  No. of Gram Panchyats: 3226
  No. of Villages: 20690
  No. of Towns: 59
  No. of Parliament Constituencies:
        Lok Sabha: 4
        Rajya Sabha: 3
  No. of Assembly Constituencies: 68
       Per Capita Income (at current rates): Rs. 130067
       Literacy [2011]: 82.80 %
             Male: 89.53 %
             Female: 75.93 %
       Total Villages Electrified: 100 %
       Health Institutions: 3919
       Motorable Roads: 36049 Kms.
       Food Grain Production: 1619 Metric Tones
       Fruit Production: 928787 Tonnes
       Sex Ratio: 972
Land Use Pattern
  Net Area Sown: 543365 Hects.
Forest Cover [1996-97]
  Reserved Forests Area: 1897.87 sq.kms.
  Protected Forests Area: 33129.7 sq.kms.
  Unclassed Forest Area: 886.23 sq.kms.
  Other Forests Area: 369.49 sq.kms.
  Forests not under control of forest Deptt.: 749.58 sq.kms.
  No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries: 30
     Average Rainfall:                                                       1469 mm
     State Animal: Snow Leopard
     State Bird: Western Tragopan
     State Flower: Pink Rhododendron
     State Language: Hindi & Local Dialects
     Major Rivers: Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Parbati
     Major Lakes: Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal,
Beas Kund,Dasaur, Brighu,Prashar,
Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal,Suraj Tal,
Kareri, Sreolsar,Gobind Sagar,
Nako