Chief Electoral Officer (CEO)
Commission of India nominates or designates an Officer of the Government of the
State/Union Territory as the Chief Electoral Officer in consultation with that
State Government/Union Territory Administration. The Chief Electoral Officer
(CEO) supervise the election work related to Assembly and Parliament elections.
As per section 13A of the Representation of the People Act 1950, read with
section 20 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the Chief Electoral
Officer of a State/Union Territory is authorised to supervise the election work
in the State/Union Territory subject to the overall superintendence, direction
and control of the Election Commission.
The District Election Officer (DEO)
As per section 13AA
of the Representation of the People Act 1950, subject to the superintendence,
direction and control of the Chief Electoral Officer, the District Election
Officer supervises the election work of a district.
Returning Officer (RO)
Officer of a parliamentary or assembly constituency is responsible for the
conduct of elections in the parliamentary or assembly constituency concerned as
per section 21 of the Representation of the People Act 1951.
Electoral Registration Officer (ERO)
Registration officer is responsible for the preparation of electoral rolls for
a parliamentary / assembly constituency.
Officer with the assistance of polling officers conducts the poll at a polling
Under section 20B
of the Representation of the People Act 1951, the Election Commission of India
nominates officers of Government as Observers (General Observers and Election
Expenditure Observers) for parliamentary and assembly constituencies. They
perform such functions as are entrusted to them by the Commission. Earlier, the
appointment of Observers was made under the plenary powers of the Commission.
But with the amendments made to the Representation of the People Act, 1951 in
1996, these are now statutory appointments. They report directly to the