Child Labour (Regulation and Prohibition) Act, 1986
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Child Labour (Regulation and Prohibition) Act, 1986

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Last Updated On: 11/02/2014  

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                      ACT NO. 61 OF 1986  

                     [23rd December, 1986.]

An Act  to prohibit  the engagement of children in certain employments and to  regulate the  conditions of  work of children in certain other employments.


BE it  enacted by  Parliament in  the Thirty-seventh  Year of the Republic of India as follows:--






1)      Short title, extent and commencement. 

(1) This Act may be called the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.

(2) It extends to the whole of India

(3) The provisions of this Act, other than Part III, shall come into force at once, and Part III shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may,  by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different States and for different classes of establishments.

2)      Definitions.  In  this  Act,  unless  the  context  otherwise requires,--

(i) "appropriate  Government"  means,  in  relation  to  an establishment under  the control  of the  Central Government or a railway administration or a major port or a mine or oilfield, the Central Government, and in all other cases, the State Government;

(ii) "child"  means a  person  who  has  not  completed  his fourteenth year of age;

(iii) "day" means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at mid-night;

(iv) "establishment"    includes   a    shop,   commercial           establishment, workshop,  farm,  residential  hotel,  restaurant, eating house,  theatre or  other place  of  public   amusement  or entertainment;

(v) "family",   in  relation  to  an  occupier,  means  the individual, the  wife or  husband, as  the case  may be,  of such individual,  and  their  children,  brother  or  sister  of  such individual;

(vi) "occupier",  in  relation  to  an  establishment  or  a workshop, means  the person who has the ultimate control over the affairs of the establishment or workshop

(vii) "port  authority" means  any authority administering a port;

(viii) "prescribed"  means prescribed  by rules  made  under section 18;

(ix) "week"  means a  period  of  seven  days  beginning  at midnight on Saturday night or such other night as may be approved in writing for a particular area by the Inspector;

(x) "Workshop� means any premises (including the precincts thereof) wherein any industrial process is carried on, but does not include any premises to which the provisions of section 67 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948), for the time being, apply.





3)  Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes.  No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations set  forth in  Part A  of the  Schedule or  in any workshop wherein  any of  the processes  set forth  in Part  B of  the Schedule is carried on:

Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to any workshop wherein any process is carried on by the occupier with the aid of his family or to any school established by, or receiving assistance or recognition from, Government.

4)  Power to amend the Schedule.  The Central  Government, after giving by  notification in  the Official  Gazette, not less than three months notice  of its  intention so  to do, may, by like notification, add any  occupation or  process to  the  Schedule  and  thereupon  the Schedule shall be deemed to have been amended accordingly.

5)  Child Labour Technical Advisory Committee. 

(1) The  Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute an advisory committee  to be  called the  Child Labour Technical Advisory Committee (hereafter  in this section referred to as the Committee) to advise  the   Central  Government  for  the  purpose  of addition  of occupations and processes to the Schedule.

(2) The  Committee shall  consist of  a Chairman  and such  other members not  exceeding  ten,  as  may  be  appointed  by  the  Central Government.

(3) The Committee shall meet as often as it may consider necessary and shall have power to regulate its own procedure.

(4) The  Committee may,  if it  deems  it  necessary  so  to  do, constitute one or more sub-committees and may appoint to any such sub-committee,   whether   generally  or   for  the  consideration  of  any particular matter, any person who is not a member of the Committee.

(5) The term of office, of the manner of filling casual vacancies in the office of, and the allowances, if any, payable to, the Chairman and  other   members  of   the  Committee,   and  the  conditions  and restrictions subject to which the Committee may appoint any person who is not  a member  of the  Committee as  a member  of any  of its  sub-committees shall be such as may be prescribed.


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