5. NATIONAL SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME(NSAP)
OBJECTIVE:- This programme has come into effect from August 15, 1995 and it seeks to provide financial assistance to the destitute old people, poor families who have lost breadwinner and poor expectant mothers. It has three components, namely, National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS), National Family Benefit scheme (NFBS), and National Maternity Benefit Scheme ( NMBS).
SCOPE:- The assistance under the programme is available to the destitute, the poorest of the poor and family below the poverty line. It is a significant step towards the fulfillment of the Directive Principles in Articles 41 and 42 of the Constitution.
FUNDING:- It is Centrally sponsored programme with 100% Central assistance.
National Old Age Pension Scheme:- Assistance of Rs.75/- per month to persons of 65 years and above who have got no regular means of subsistence from his/her on sources of income or through financial support from family members or other sources.
National Family Benefit Scheme:- Lump sum benefit of Rs. 10000/- on the death ( Natural or Accidental ) of the primary breadwinner or the member who was substantially supporting the income of the family living below the poverty line.
National Maternity Benefit scheme:- Lump sum assistance of Rs. 500/- per pregnancy up to the first two live births to women belonging to BPL families.
HOW TO SEEK ASSISTANCE:- The prospective beneficiaries are to submit applications to the Gram Panchayat and may contact Block Development Office or DRDA for further details.
6. Food For Work Program.
OBJECTIVE:- Food for work programme is an important programme launched in the year 2000-2001, with the objective to create durable assets, infrastructure development, employment generation and ensure food security in the rural areas.
SCOPE:- Food for work Programme is being implemented by linking it up with various other programmes involving creation of assets and generation of employment like EAS,JGSY, MPs and MLAs Local Area Development Programme, VMJS and Saraswati Bal Vidya Sankalp Yojna. Now the scope of the programme has further been enhanced by dovetailing it with the programmes/schemes being executed by various other departments like PWD,Forest,IPH etc. The programme provides assistance to poor (including BPL and APL) who are in need of wage employment and are willing to take up manual or unskilled labour though prefrence is given to the poorest of poor.
FUNDING:- The programme is being implemented by dovetailing it with various others programmes involving creation of assets and generation of employment. The cost of the food grain is being met by the Govt. of India.
STRATEGY:- Works are sanctioned by the competent authorities under various programmes and at the time of sanctioning they reduce the sanctioned amount by at least 20%. This 20% component is allocated to the executing agency in the form of food grains. The food grain under the scheme is converted in term of money at the rate of Rs. 7/- per Kg. for rice and Rs. 5/- per Kg. for wheat. It is for the beneficiary to decide whether he wants rice or wheat and the same is made available at the fair price shops by Foods and Supplies Department.
7. Credit-um-Subsidy scheme for Rural Housing(CCSRH)
OBJECTIVE:- This scheme has been launched in the year 1999-2000 with the aim to eradicate shelterlessness from the rural areas. It has been conceived for rural house holds having annual income up to Rs. 32,000/- and thus having some repayment capacity.
SCOPE:- The scheme provides shelter to the rural families who have not been covered under Indira Awas Yojna. Although the target under the scheme is rural house hold having annual income up to Rs. 32,000/- yet preference is given to the below poverty line families.
FUNDING:- The funds are shared by the Center and the State in the ration of 75:25.
STRATEGY:- Rural poor just above the poverty line are also entitled to get the benefits of the scheme. The beneficiaries is entitled for subsidy of Rs. 10,000/- and loan up to Rs. 40,000/- per unit. Sanitary latrine and smokeless Chullah are essential part of the house. 60% of the houses are allocated to SCs/STs rural poor.
HOW TO SEEK ASSISTANCE:- The eligible person may contact the Gram Panchayat or the Block Development Officer.
8. Drought Prone Area Programme(DPAP)
OBJECTIVE:- The Draught Prone Area Programme has been launched in the year 1973-74 and aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and live stock and productivity of lands, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community. In this district the programme is being implemented from 1995-96.
SCOPE:- DPAP is people’s programme with Government assistance. Development of all categories of land belonging to Gram Panchayats, Govt. and individuals fall within the limit of the selected watersheds for development.
FUNDING:- Allocation was shared on equal basis by the Centre and State Govt. on 50:50 basis up to 2nd batch and afterwards it is being shared in the ratio of 75:25 under 6th and 7th batches.
STRATEGY:- Village community is undertaking area development by planning and implementation of projects on watershed basis through watershed associations and watersheds committees constituted from among themselves. DRDA is supplementing it by creating social awareness, imparting training and providing technical support through Project Implementation Agencies ( PIAs ). Block Development Officers have been designated as PIAs.
In District Bilaspur 11 numbers of Micro Watershed Projects were sanctioned during 1995-96 under 1st batch. The targeted area is 5,220 Hectares and project cost Rs.2.20 Crores.
During the year 1996-97, 7 Micro Watershed Projects were sanctioned under 2nd batch with project cost of Rs.1.40 Crores to cover 3,503 Hectares of land.
During the year 1999-2000, 11 Micro Watershed Projects were sanctioned under 5th batch with project cost of Rs. 2.20 Crores to cover 5,500 Hectares of land.
Government of India has sanctioned 25 Micro Watershed Projects in the year 2000-2001 under 6th batch. The total project cost of theses projects is Rs. 7.50 Crores and targeted area is 12,500 Hectares.
12 Micro Watershed Projects have been sanctioned for the District under 7th batch during 2001-2002. The total project cost under this batch is Rs. 3.60 Crores and targeted area yet being identified.
In addition to this, 15 new Micro Watershed Projects have also been sanctioned during 2002-2003 under 8th batch with project cost of Rs. 4.50 crores. The Watersheds are yet to be identified.
MAJOR ACTIVITIES TAKEN UP:-
1. TRAINING:- The Officers/Officials of of Development Blocks, Watershed Associations, Watershed Committees and other lines departments have been provided training under the programme by way of arranging for their visits to various NGO’s, universities at state and National level. Besides training camps at District ,Block,Panchayat and village level are being organized regularly.
2. ENTRY POINT AVTIVITIES:- Under Entry Point Activities class Rooms of Primary, Middle, High and Senior Secondary Schools, community Centres, Civil/Vetenary Dispensories and village paths are being provided to the Village Community as per their demand/proposals.
3. LAND DEVELOPMENT WORKS:- Spurs and wire crates have been provided for the protection of fertile land of the farmers from soil erosion. Land leveling and drainage channels have been constructed for the reclamation of land. The construction of Nala Bunds to check soil erosion has also been done.
4. WATER HARVESTING WORK:- Construction of Check Dams and Kuchhi-Pucci Kuhals (Irrigation channels) has been done for irrigation and recharging purpose. Now farmers have started growing cash crops/vegetables in this area. Village ponds have been constructed to meet out the water requirement of Cattle and Human population.
5. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE/FORESTRY PLANTATION:- Horticulture plants like Mangoes, Papaya, and Citrus plants like Kinnow, and Lemon are being planted/distributed among the farmers. In addition, forests plants like Kher, Popular, Eucalyptus and Medicinal plants like Harad, Bahera, Amla, Neem etc. have also been planted.
HOW TO SEEK ASSISTANCE:- DRDA or the PIAs (BDOs) may be contacted to get the assistance.
9. Sampooran Grameen Rozgar Yojna:
OBJECTIVE:- The Yojna strives to provide wage employment in the rural areas along with food security. In addition SGRY insures creation of durable community, social and economic assets and infrastructure development in these areas. The scheme has been launched in the year 2001-2002 with EAS and JGSY continuing as part of SGRY till March 2002.
SCOPE:- SGRY provides assistance to rural poor including BPL and APL who are in need of wage employment and are willing to take up manual or unskilled work in or around their village/habitation. Poorest of the poor, schedules cast/schedule tribes etc. are given preference.
FUNDING:- The programme is to be implemented as a centrally sponsored on cost sharing basis between Centre and State Govt. in the ratio of 75:25.
STRATEGY:- The programme is to be implemented in two streams. First stream is at the District and Panchayat Samiti level. Out of total funds available under SGRY, 50% of the funds are to be earmarked and distributed between the Zila Prishad (20%) and Panchayat Samitis (30% ). Second stream is to be implemented at the Panchayat level and the 50% of funds available under SGRY shall be distributed among the Gram Panchayats. 40% of the funds earmarked under first stream will be reserved at the District level and is to be utilized in the areas affected by endemic labour exodus and in areas of distress as per the annual action plan approved by the Zila Prishad whereas 60% funds under this stream are to be allocated among the Panchayat Samitis ( 50% on the basis of proportion of SC/ST population and 50% on the basis of total rural population. The works are to be taken as per the annual action plan approved by the Panchayat Samitis. Similarly Gram Panchayats will prepare their own annual action plans for approval of the Gram Sabhas and 50% of the funds earmarked for the Gram Panchayat would be kept for taking up areas in SC/ST localities.
Food Grains at the rate of Rs. 5 Kg. per manday is to be distributed to the labourers in the form of rice or wheat as per their demand. While working the payment of wages, the value of food grains (rice or wheat) issued to the labourers would be deducted and rest of the wage component would be paid in cash. Price of wheat and rice for BPL and APL families under SGRY is uniform i.e. Rs. 5.15 per kg for wheat and Rs. 6.90 per kg. for rice.
HOW TO SEEK ASSISTANCE:- The needy beneficiaries may approach the DRDA, Zila Prishad or the concerned Panchayat Samiti for getting assistance under the programme.
10. Restructured Centrally Sponsores Rural sanitation Programme:
OBJECVTIVE:- The Centrally Sponsored scheme Rural Sanitation programme has been launched in the year 1999-2000 and it strives to provide more and more sanitation facilities to the rural population and general awareness about health education /hygiene.
SCOPE:- Important component of this scheme is to provide sanitary latrines to community along with individual beneficiaries. It includes construction of individual sanitary latrines with 80% subsidy to the BPL families, stress on school latrines, intensive awareness campaign, sanitary complexes exclusively for women and total sanitation of village.
FUNDING:- Funds are being shared by the centre and state Govt. in the ratio of 70:30 under this programme.
STRATEGY:- Important feature of the programme is demand driven approach with increased stress on awareness building and meeting the demand with alternate delivery mechanism. Subsidy for individual units is being progressively phased out and school sanitation is included as major component. Unit for schoool sanitation costs Rs. 20,000/- of which Rs. 2000/- is contribution part and Rs. 18000/- is provided as subsidy.
HOW TO SEEK ASSISTANCE:- The needy beneficiaries may approach the DRDA or the BDO for assistance.