The Directorate of Mushroom Research is located in Solan city of Himachal Pradesh, endeared as the gateway of Himachal Pradesh, the mountainous wonder of Solan city is famous for its cultural splendor, excellent picnic spots, numerous old temples and seasonal vegetable crops. Being quite industrialized, Solan is widely popular for its mushroom cultivation and bearing the title of “Mushroom City of India”.
Considering the contribution of this city andendeavor of DMR towards mushroom research, development, cultivation and popularization of mushroom, the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh declared Solan as Mushroom City of India on 10th September, 1997 during the Indian Mushroom Conference organized jointly by the DMR and Mushroom Society of India.
Historical Profile of DMR
The National Centre for Mushroom Research and Training (NCMRT) came into existence at Solan (later renamed as National Research Centre for Mushroom) in 1983 during the VIth Five Year Plan under the auspices of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) along with an All India Coordinated Mushroom Improvement Project (AICMIP) at six Centres at various Agricultural Universities in five States with its headquarter at Solan. The Centre was formerly inaugurated on 21st June, 1987 by Dr. Gurdial Singh Dhillon, the then Union Minister for Agriculture and President of ICAR Society. It was upgraded to Directorate of Mushroom Research (DMR) on 26th December, 2008. It was established with the objectives of undertaking research on all aspects of mushrooms and also to impart training to the trainers and growers. Presently, All India Coordinated Research Project on Mushroom (AICRPM) has its 14 Coordinating and two Cooperating Centers in 15 States of the country with the mandate to make survey in the regions, to collect new types of mushrooms, to undertake research and examine the adaptability of mushrooms and their different strains in different agro-climatic zones of the country and to test the developed technology of DMR.
In the past 25 years of its existence, the Directorate has made significant contribution in the field of mushroom research and development in the country. By the concerted efforts of the scientist of DMR mushroom productivity in the country has almost doubled while production has registered a six fold increase. Currently DMR is working on collection, identification, conservation and genetic characterization of mushroom germplasm, development of high yielding varieties, improvements in the production technologies of different edible mushrooms, technology developed for newer specialty mushrooms, integrated pest and disease management, post harvest technologies for various mushrooms and imparting trainings to the trainers, entrepreneurs, growers, unemployed youths, women growers etc.
Central Research Institute (Kasauli)
A View of CRI, Kasauli Campus
CRI Established on 3 May 1905 by Dr. David Sample to develop vaccines. In 1911, Dr. Sample first developed a rabies tissue vaccine from the brains of sheep deliberately infected and then killed. The institute performs large-scale production of bacterial and viral vaccines and serum. It has developed DPT, DT, tetanus, cholera, and typhoid vaccines, and is the only producer in India of rabies vaccine. It also produces snake antivenin.
The institute is currently working on the standardization of a modified single radial immunodiffusion test for rapid determination of rabies vaccine potency. The institute is also conducting stability studies of rabies vaccine exposed to different temperatures over various time periods. Furthermore, it is conducting studies on the effects of pertussis toxin, using the mouse weight gain test in order to establish the toxicity of pertussis vaccine. The institute is performing a standardization of in-vitro technique for passive hemagglutination inhibition for the estimation of potency of the cobra venom antiserum, and is also working on a vaccine for the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) using the brain tissue from a mouse’s brain.
It has been reported that over the past four decades, the institute has annually produced about 100 tons of hazardous biomedical waste without the use of any pollution control devices.
The institute is a WHO Collaborative Center for the surveillance of influenza. The institute is an active member of the Influenza Surveillance Program under WHO guidelines. It also has a Polio Vaccine Testing Laboratory, which conducts tests of polio vaccines imported from other countries.
The National Salmonella and E. Coli Center is situated within the institute and is involved in identifying and typing Salmonella spp. and E. coli from within India and around the world. The center is run by the WHO in collaboration with the Central Public Health Laboratory located in London. The center has previously attempted to work on an anti-salmonella drug, research which resulted in the discovery of chloramphenicol resistance in S. typhi.
The Quality Control Division of the institute is responsible for testing all products produced by the institute. It works with the Central Drugs Laboratory in the testing of vaccines and serum, which fall under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act of 1940. All drug companies in India must have their vaccine or serum tested and approved by this division before they can market it.
The Biochemistry Division undertakes quality control tests on immunological agents and human blood products.
The Bacterial Vaccines Division comprises four units, the Finals Sterility Unit, the Central Sterilization and Media Unit, the Central Containerization Unit, and the Mycoplasma Unit. The division is tasked with developing the anti-cholera and anti-typhoid vaccine, and has attempted to produce the anti-cholera vaccine in a fermenter using liquid medium.
The institute provides instruction and training in the field of microbiology and the production and quality control of vaccines and serum. In addition, it gives expert advice for the treatment and management of dog and snake bites.
Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry (Nauni)
Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry in district Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India is the first university of its kind in Asia with an exclusive mandate of education, research and extension in horticulture and forestry. People usually use the short form of the university name: Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry or by the initials YSP UHF. It covers 5.5 km² and is situated in Nauni on the Solan-Rajgarh Road. The campus lies 15 km from the town of Solan.
The university was established on December 1, 1985 and is named after the first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh. This university was inaugurated by the late Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, on 30 April 1988.
It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines.
Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has two colleges: the College of Horticulture and the College of Forestry, which are subdivided into 14 departments and are looked after by a faculty of over 200 scientists and teachers. It has a school specialized in the study of apples, called Apple School, Nauni. The department of management is under the college of horticulture providing degree in three basic courses: Marketing, Finance, and Human Resources with agribusiness.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Kunihar, Solan
Founded in 1992 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, KUNIHAR is functioning in a beautiful and sprawling 30 acres campus with all infrastructural facilities.Its huge, imposing buildings & large grounds are visible from far. It has grown leaps and bounds in a short span of time & carved a niche for itself in the region of Himachal Pradesh in the field of Education. The school has earned an honoured status in the region by its excellent board results,performance in cultural activities & sports .The school with an imposing modern building in beautiful natural surroundings has a magnificent library with a stock of over 5000 books ,well equipped Science Labs, Language lab, Maths lab, an ultra advanced computer Lab, well ventilated classrooms, playgrounds, provision for indoor games like Table tennis and Chess etc.
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