The Directorate of Forensic Sciences,
Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India has prepared and published laboratory
procedure manual in various discipline of Forensic Science in the year-2005.
These manuals have been circulated to all the State and Central Laboratory in
the India so as to have uniformity in examination and reports. We are following
the same laboratory manual procedures alongwith other published protocols in
Forensic Sciences in the State Forensic Science Laboratory in HP.
Forensic Biology Manual:
It gives the
protocols for the examination of:-
of blood and blood stains.
of other fluids and the stains.
and fibre Examination.
examination of tissues.
of Food stuffs and stains.
and their derivatives.
It contains the protocols for the search, sampling and
storage procedure of serological samples, procedure for species of origin test,
alongwith blood grouping, Isogyme and paternity testing and the statistical
methods for the calculation of Gene frequency and paternity index.
Note:- For Biological
and Serological examinations Methods Manual of Metropolitan Police Forensic
Science. Biology Laboratory, London is also consulted.
It gives the
protocols for the examination of cement, mortar, concrete fires and arson scene
of gold and other metals in cheating cases.
of chemicals used in trap cases.
in liquors/ drinks.
and detergent and other miscellaneous items.
Manual of petroleum products-It gives the protocol for the examination of petroleum
/ super kerosene oil (SKO).
(light diesel oil and high speed diesel),
turbine fuel (ATF Kerosene).
contains the methods for the analysis of poisons and poisoning isolation and purification
of inorganic poison (cations and anions)
of natural poison ( organic non-volatiles)
of acidic (organic non-volatiles poisons/drugs).
of miscellaneous substances.
analysis in Toxicology.
Physics Manual: It gives the procedure for the examination of
foot/foot wear/tyres impressions.
of Tool Marks.
of Tampered electronic energy meters.
of cameras from film negatives.
of identification marks.
of glass fragments voice analysis.
of soil samples.
of broken objects.
Examination of Electrical cables/ wires.
Examination of papers.
This manual contains the genera; procedure for the receipt’ opening, marking,
examination and reporting procedures of the Forensic Ballistics exhibits. The
examination procedures on the following aspects are contained in the manual
alongwith requirements and safety aspects. The examination
procedures have been prescribed for :-
of firearm or parts, thereof manufacturing tool.
of firearm, prone to accidental discharge.
of firearm type, and model.
of firearm, whether its parts tempered with.
of Erased marking on firearm.
of ammunition or parts thereof / manufacturing Tools.
of ammunition/ parts thereof for type, make, and calibrc.
of Bullet/ slug / parts thereof.
of shots and pellets.
of wads/ wad pieces.
of propellant change.
of fired/ misfired cartridge.
of Fired Bullet/ Bullet Fragments with Rifled firearm.
Pallets/ wad whether fired or not.
of Target involved in shooting.
of wound ballistic parameters.
examination and comparison of fired bullets/ cartridge cases and creation of a
Document examination Manual: It gives the general principles of
of Handwriting identification.
of forgery and fixing the authorship of forged signatures.
of Sequence of strokes in Forensic Document Problems.
of other physical evidences like folds and creases, staples; alpin marks etc.
of printed matter, computer print-outs and other Mechanical impressions.
of credit cards and travel documents.
Examination of writing materials i.e. inks and paper.
alterations, erasures, additions, substitution and obliteration in Forensic Documents.
of standard reference books and journals in Forensic Documents containing the
methods and techniques of analysis as applicable in forensic
Laboratory Procedure Manuals: For examination of counterfeit or forged
notes and other related exhibits -2004.
instructions for IOs for forwarding of cases.
case in the laboratory.
of security features.
is done by Forensic methods published in the scientific literature Indoor
photography for recording the forensic findings in the laboratory and out door
photography at the scenes of crime is done to record the forensic evidence
present at the SOC. The negatives of the photographs are taken and
preserved in the case files of the laboratory. The photographs are
submitted to the courts of law whenever required.
viii.) DNA Examination
manual contains the genera, procedure for the receipt, opening, marking,
examination and reporting procedures of the DNA exhibits. The examination
procedures on the following aspects are contained in the manual alongwith
requirements and safety aspects:
isolation from Biospecimen.
Typing by Automated DNA sequencer.
– STR Analysis.
of Wildlife Species.
Drugs & Psychotrophic Substances Manual:
This manual contains the genera, procedure for the
receipt, opening, marking, examination and reporting procedures of the NDPS
exhibits. The examination procedures on the following aspects are contained in
the manual alongwith requirements and safety aspects
Identification and examination of:-